Rule 1. belonging to somebody; relating to somebody
a friend of mine, the love of a mother for her child, the role of the teacher, Can’t you throw out that old bike of Tommy’s?, the paintings ofMonet
*When you are talking about everything someone has painted, written, etc. use of. When you are referring to one or more examples of somebody’s work, use by: a painting by Monet
Rule 2. belonging to something; being part of something; relating to something:
the lid of the box, the director of the company, a member of the team, the result of the debate
Rule 3. coming from a particular background of living in a place
a woman of Italian descent, the people of Wales
Rule 4. concerning or showing somebody/something
a story of passion, a photo of my dog, a map ofIndia
Rule 5. used to say that somebody/something is, consists of, or contains
the city of Dublin, the issue of housing, a crowdof people, a glass of milk
Rule 6. used with measurements and expressions of time, age etc
2 kilos of potatoes, an increase of 2%, a girl of12, the fourth of July, the year of his birth (old-fashioned) We would often have a walk of an evening.
Rule 7. used to show somebody/something belongs to a group, often after some, a few etc
some of his friends, a few of the problems, the most famous of all the stars
Rule 8. used to show the position of something/somebody in space or time
just north of Detroit, at the time of the revolution, at a quarter of eleven tonight (= 10.45 p.m.)
Rule 9. used after nouns formed from verbs. The noun after ‘of’ can be either the object or the subject of the action
the arrival of the police, fear of the dark, the howling of the wind
Rule 10. used after some verbs before mentioning somebody/something involved in the action: to rob/deprive somebody of something.
He was cleared of all blame, think of a number.
Rule 11. used after some adjectives before mentioning somebody/something that a feeling relates to
to be ashamed of, proud of something
Rule 12. used to give your opinion of somebody’s behavior
It was kind of you to offer.