16 July, 2016

Facts about Andhra Pradesh

Geographical view:
Area: 160,205 km²
Land Structure: It contains plain (Andhra plains), Plateau (Rayalsima plateau, khammamplatue), Mountains (Eastern Ghats Vijayawada hills)
Important river: Krishna, Penneru, Godavari,
Main Crops: Rice, jowar, bajra, wheat, maize etc...  
Climate: tropical climate 
Main minerals: due to the variety of rocksand minerals it is called as ratnaGarbha.
First in iron ore production, magnese ore etc it is top producer of minerals in india.
Largest mica producer
Industries: AP ranks 4th at National level in IT performance.



River and dams:
Sl.No.RiverDamNearest CityRemark
1.Krishna
a)Srisailam
b)Nagarjuna Sagar
c)Parkasam Barrage
Kurnool
Guntur
Guntur
Gravity & Earth-fill
2.Godavari
Dowleswaram Barrage
Polavaram Project
Rajamundry
For irrigation
3.Machkund River/ SileruLower Sileru hydro
Visakhapatnam
Khammam
4.Penneru
Nellore,
Cuddapah
5.NagavatiSrikulam
Administrative view:
  • Foundation date :  1 November 1956
  • Capital: Amaravati
  • District: 13
  • Legislative: 175
  • Number of MLA: 175
  • Number of MP in Lok Sabha: 25
  • Number of MP in Rajya sabha: 11

Cabinet ministers:
NameHouseMinistryConstituency
Shri Ashok Gajpati Raju pusapatiLok Sabhacivil aviationVizianagaram
Smt. Nirmala SitharamanRajya SabhaMinister of state IC  commerce & industries
Shri Y.S. chowdaryRajya sabhastate minister Earth and science , sci.& tech

Others:
Principal language: Telgu and Urdu
State population: 49.67 million
Important dances:
1. Kuchipudi
2. Andhra nirtyam / Natyam
Sl.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.Makar SakrantiIt is also known as harvest festival
2.UgadiTelegu new year
3.Varalakshmi Vratham
National Parks:
Name of National ParkSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
Sri Venkateshwara National Park have many waterfalls---
Gundla brahmeswaram park       is Located between Kurnool and Prakasam districts over the Nallamallai mountain range
Coringa National Park  more than 120 birds species are foundsituated near Kakinada port
The Alisagar Deer park---
 It is decorated with hillocks and flower gardens that increase the beauty of park
Reserved parks:
Reserve ParksSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam tiger reserve    spread over five districts (Nalgonda, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Prakasam&Guntoor)
Rollapadu WLS Only habitat for the endangered Great Indian Bustardlocated in the Kurnool district
Pulicat Lake WLSlocated in Nellore, Chittoor districts
Sport Stadiums/Arena:
Sl.No.Stadium/ArenaSport-PurposeCity
1.Aca Vdca StadiumCricketVisakhapatnam
Important City:
Sl.No.CityNick NameFamous
1Amaravatiriverfront capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
2Gunturexports large quantities of chillies and tobacco
3VisakhapatnamFinancial Capital of Andhra Pradesh 
4Vijayawadarecognised as a "Global City of the Future by McKinsey Quarterly
5TirupatiSpiritual Capital of Andhra PradeshIndia's Ministry of Tourism named Tirupati as the "Best Heritage City
6Anantpurlargest district in the state
Famous temple:
Sl.No.Monument/Temple/SitesLocated inRemarks
1Venkateswara Temple Tirumala(Tirupati Balaji)in Chittoor District
2SrisailamKurnool DistrictThe sanctum sanctorium is covered with gold
3Vinayaka Temple KanipakamChittoor District on the banks of river Bahudatemple of Lord SwayambuVinayaka
4Sri Veereswara Swamy TempleMuramallaThis holy shrine is the abode of Lord Sri Veereswaraswamy
5AmaravatiGuntur District
 known as Dhanyakataka/Dharanikota   great Buddhist site Stupa built in pre-Mauryan times
6Lakshmi Narasimha TempleIt is situated at the foot of the Auspicious Hill in Mangalagiri of Guntur districtone of the eight sacred places of Lord Vishnu in India.
Major Airports:
1. Visakhapatnam Airport: Visakhapatnam 
2. Vijayawada Airport: Vijayawada
3. Cuddapah Airport: Cuddapah
Ports:
AP is the secound maritime state (after Gujrat) in terms of cargo handled. 
1. Visakhapatnam Port: Visakhapatnam District (It is the fifth busiest port in India in terms of Cargo handled)
2. Kakinada Port: East Godavari District
Thermal Power plants in Andhra pradesh:
Name of Thermal Power PlantLocationImportant Remarks
RayalaseemaThrmal Power plant          Cuddapah,  1050 megawatt (MW)  coal plant
vemagiri Power plant                   EAstGodawari388 MW gas based
vijayawada thermal plant              Krishnacoal-based power plants
Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant      Visakhapatnam  coal-fired power plant
Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station Nellorecoal-based power plants
Tribes
Savara 
Gadaba 
Khonds 
Koya 

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