06 July, 2016

Facts about Bihar

Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.
Bihar at a glance:
Capital- Patna
Chief Minister- Nitish Kumar
Deputy Chief Minister- Tejashwi Prasad Yadav
Governor- Ram Nath Kovind
Population- 10,38,04,637 (according to census 2011)
Literacy Rate- 63.82% (Bihar is the least literate state in India according to census 2011 )
Number of District- 38
Important Rivers- Ganga, Koshi, Burgi Gandak, Mahananda, Punpun, Son, Kamala
National Park- Valmiki National Park located at West Champaran district
Folk Dance-  Jumari Dance, Harvesting Dance, Holi Dance, Sohar-Khilouna Dance, Kajari Dance, Jat-Jatin Dance, Jhijhian Dance
State Day (Bihar Diwas) - 22nd March every year
High Court- Patna (Hon'ble The Acting Chief Justice Iqbal Ahmed Ansari)
Cricket stadium- Moin-Ul-Haq Stadium or Rajendra Nagar Stadium is located in Patna, Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna
Tourism:
Buddhist sites - Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir, Vaishali, Bhagalpur, Vikramshila, Sultanganj.Jain sites - Vaishali and Pawapuri, Bhagalpur.Sikh sites - Gurdwaras, Patna City, the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh.Hindu sites - Vishnupad Temple at Gaya, Patan Devi at Patna, Mahavir Temple at Patna Sun Temple at Deo, near Aurangabad, Varah Temple at Harihar Kshetra, Shiv Temple at Singhesarsthan(Madhepura), Thawe Ma durga temple (gopalganj), Gopalmandir, Bahraua siv Hathwa (gopalganj), Janki Mandir in Sitamarhi.
Monuments:
Shershah Suri's Tomb, Sasaram, BiharTomb of Shamsher Khan- AurangabadAncient site of Vikramasila Monastery- BhagalpurRock Temple- BhagalpurBuddhist Stupa- East ChamparanRaja Vishal ka Garh-VaishaliTomb of Sher Shah Suri- Sasaram (Rohtas)Three rock inscriptions (Adjacent to Tara Chandi temple)- Sasaram (Rohtas)Remains of ancient fort or Pachrukhi Garh locally known as Raja Bali Ka Garh- Balirajgarh, Madhubani
Airport:
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport- PatnaDarbhanga Airport  (Defence)- Darbhanga Airport is the longest runway airport of Bihar and is operated by the Indian Air Force at present.
Wildlife Sanctuary:
Bhimbandh SanctuaryRajgir SanctuaryKaimur SanctuaryGautam Buddha SanctuaryUdayapur SanctuaryKabar Jheel Bird SanctuaryGogabil Bird Sanctuary
Power Plant in Bihar:
Barauni Thermal Power Station located at Barauni, Begusarai, Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Station located at Kanti, MuzaffarpurKahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station located at Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur
Main Cities situated at the bank of river Ganga in Bihar:
PatnaHajipurBhagalpur
Important festival in Bihar:
Sama-ChakevaBihulaMadhushravaniPitrapaksha MelaChatt PujaSonepur Fair
Some Best Places in Bihar on Your Itinerary:
Nalanda University- Rajgir,  NalandaBodhi Tree- Bodh GayaMuchalinda Lake- Bodh GayaGriddhakuta Peak- RajgirRajgir Hot Springs- RajgirBuxar Fort- BuxarNavlakha Palace- Situated in the town of Rajnagar near Madhubani in BiharHieun Tsang Memorial Hall- NalandaJalmandir Temple- Pawapuri, NalandaPatna Museum- Patna
What is famous in Bihar?
Muzaffarpur is famous for Shahi lychees and is known as the "Lychee Kingdom".Bhagalpur is known as SILK CITY as it is famous world wide for its silk production.Madhubani Painting also known as Mithila Painting
Cabinet Ministers from Bihar and their Constituency:
 Minister
Their constituency
Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers
Ram Vilas Paswan
Hajipur- Lok Sabha
Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Rajiv Pratap Rudy
Saran -Lok Sabha
Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (Independent Charge)
Giriraj Singh
Nawada- Lok Sabha
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Minister of state)
Radha Mohan Singh
Purvi Champaran- Lok Sabha
Agriculture
Ravi Shankar Prasad-
Rajya Sabha MP of Bihar
Law Minister
Dharmendra Pradhan
Rajya Sabha MP of Bihar
Petroleum and Natural Gas (Independent Charge)
Tribes:
Oraon Tribes-  Oraon is the most populous tribe among the major tribes in Purnia District, followed by santhal, munda, lohra, kharwar.Lohra tribes- They are found in the districts of Purnia, Katihar in Bihar stateSanthal tribes- Various districts in Bihar.

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