09 July, 2016

Facts about Gujarat



Gujarat (sometimes referred to as the "Jewel of Western India”) was founded on 1 May 1960.
·         Capital: Gandhinagar
·         Chief Minister: Anandiben Patel
·         Governor: Om Prakash Kohli
·         Gujrat Day: 1st May
·         Gujarat High Court (Ahmedabad)is the High Court of the state of Gujarat.
·         The Chief Justice: Justice: Subhash Reddy
·         Mountain Range: Girnar, also known as Girinagar (Highest peak in Gujrat) and Aravali Range
·         The Great Rann of Kutch is a seasonal salt marsh located in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India
·         Folk Dance of Gujarat: Garba Dance, Dandiya Dance, Padhar Dance, Bhavai Dance
·         Total number of districts: 33
·         International Border: Pakistan
The list of important Rivers and Dams of Gujarat in India:
S. No.RiversImportant DamsRemark
1 Narmada RiverSardar Sarovar Dam (Surat)also called the Rewa, is a river in central India and the fifth longest river in the Indian subcontinent.
2Saraswati River
3Banas RiverDantiwada Dam (Banaskantha District)
4Tapi RiverUkai Dam (Surat district)It is the largest reservoir in Gujarat
5Sabarmati riverDharoi Dam (Sabarkantha District)
6The Daman Gangaalso called Dawan River
7Bhogavo RiverDholidhaja dam (Surendranagar)
 
The list of important Lakes of Gujarat in India:
S. No.LakeLocationRemark
1Kankaria LakeAhmedabadartificial lake
2Chandola LakeAhmedabadartificial lake
3Hamisar LakeBhuj townLargest Man Made lake in Gujarat
4Narayan SarovarLakhpat taluka of Kutch districtincluded in the five holy lakes of India
5Ten TalavDabhoi, Vadodara
The list of Airports in Gujarat in India:
S. No.AirportsCity
1Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International AirportAhmedabad
2Vadodara AirportVadodara
3Kandla AirportKandla
4Bhavnagar Airport           Bhavnagar
5Porbandar AirportPorbandar
6Rajkot AirportRajkot  
7Surat AirportSurat
Important Thermal, Nuclear & Hydroelectricity Power Plants:
S. NoName of Power PlantTypeLocationRemark
1 Charanka Solar Power PlantSolarCharanka village in the Patan districtThe largest site within the Gujarat Solar Park
2Bitta Solar Power PlantSolarKutch districtIt was India's largest photovoltaic power plant.
3Kakrapar Atomic PowerNuclearVyara
4Kadana Hydroelectric Power StationHydroelectricMahisagar districtMasonry dam on the Mahi River
5Sardar Sarovar Canal Head Hydroelectric Power StationHydroelectricNavagamIt is the largest and a gravity dam on the Narmada river
6Ukai Hydroelectric Power StationHydroelectricUkai, Surat DistrictIt is also known as Vallabh Sagar
Important National Parks, Bird and Wildlife Sanctuary:
S. No.NameLocationRemark
1Gir Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park                               Junagadh
2Blackbuck National ParkVelavadar, Bhavnagar
3Marine National ParkGulf of Kutch
4Vansda National ParkNavsari
5Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary                Kutch
6Wild Ass SanctuaryKutch
7National Parks  Junagadh
8Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary                               Narmada
9Nal Sarovar Bird SanctuaryAhmedabad, Surendranagar

The list of important Stadiums in Gujarat:
S. No.NameLocationRemark
1IPCL Sports Complex GroundVadodaraalso known as Reliance Stadium or Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd Sports Complex Ground
2Madhavrao Scindia Cricket GroundRajkot
3Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadiumalso known as Khandheri Cricket Stadium. It is Gujarat's first solar powered stadium.
4Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel StadiumAhmedabad
CB Patel International Cricket StadiumSuratcricket stadium
Nicknames/Special titles of cities:
S. No.CityNickname
1Ahmedabad
Boston of India
Manchester of India
2Surat
Diamond City of India
City of Bridges
Textile city of India
The list of important Festivals of Gujarat:
S. No.FestivalsCity
1Navratriall over Gujarat
2International Kite Festivalall over Gujarat
3Modhera Dance FestivalSun Temple in Modhera
4Kutch MahotsavaKutch
5Bhavnath Mahadev FairJunagadh
6Saptak Music FestivalAhmedabad
7JanmashtamiDwaraka
8Bhadra Purnima FairAmbaji
The list of Important Temples in Gujarat:
S. No.Name of TemplesLocation
1Akshardham Temple                                     Gandhinagar
2Girnar Temple                  Junagadh district
3Ambaji Temple                                                 Banaskantha district
4Palitana Temple                               Bhavnagar district
5Dakor Temple                   Kaira District
6Somnath Temple                             Junagadh district
7Dwarkadhish Temple                     Jamnagar district
8Sun Temple                       Modhera
9Pavagadh Temple                           Champaner
The list of Important Monuments, Forts & Palaces in Gujarat:
S. No.Forts & Palaces of GujaratLocation
1Lakhota FortJamnagar
2Pavagadh FortPanchmahal District near Baroda
3Uparkot FortJunagadh
4Dabhoi FortNarmada Dam
6Bhujia Hill FortBhuj
7Ilva Durga (ancient fort)Idar
8Dhoraji FortPorbandar
9Okha PortDwarka
10Zinzuwada FortRann of Kutch
11Vijay Vilas PalacePalitana, Across Mandvi Beach, Bhavnagar
14Navlakha Palace, Riverside Palace, Orchard PalaceGondal
15Dolat Nivas PalaceIdar
16Art Deco PalaceMorbi
17Digvir Nivas PalaceVansda, Surat
18Laxmi Vilas Palace, Nazarbagh Palace, Makarpara Palace, Pratap Villa PalaceBaroda
19Raj Mahal, Hawa MahalVadhwan near Ahmedabad
20Ranjit Vilas PalaceVankaner near Rajkot

Constituency of Cabinet Minister:
S. No.Name of MinisterConstituencyMinistry
1Parshottam RupalaRajya Sabha MPAgriculture & Farmers Welfare Panchayati Raj (MoS)
2Mansukh L. MandaviyaRajya Sabha MPRoad Transport & Highways, Shipping, Chemicals & Fertilizers (MoS)
3Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai BhabhorDahod- Lok Sabharibal Affairs (MoS)
4Arun JaitleyRajya Sabha MPFinance and Corporate Affairs
5Smriti Zubin IraniRajya Sabha MPTextiles

Important Tribes of Gujarat:
·         Barda
·         Bavacha, Bamcha
·         Bharwad
·         Bhil
·         Charan

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