07 July, 2016

Facts about Punjab

Today, we are discussing the state PUNJAB.
(Punjab is 'land of five rivers')
Granary of India & India's bread-basket

‘Punj’ means five and ‘aab’ means water. Five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Ravi flows partially in Punjab (India), mainly along the international boundary of India and Pakistan. All these five rivers are tributaries of Indus River. All these five rivers finally merge into Indus River directly or indirectly and the Indus then terminates into Arabian Sea near Karachi city in Pakistan. These rivers, including the Indus River are considered part of Indus Valley River System.
Capital city : Chandigarh
Chief Minister : Sardar Parkash Singh Badal
Governor : Kaptan Singh Solanki
High Court  : Punjab and Haryana High Court, Chandigarh
Chief Justice : Shiavax Jal Vazifdar
International Borders : Pakistan to the west- Wagha Border
Number of Districts: 22

Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce
Produce/ SpecialityRank in India
Wheat3
Infrastructure Facilities**1
** reference IBEF
National Parks :
Sl.No.Name of National ParkSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
1Harike Pattan Wetland and Bird Sanctuary---One of largest wetland in north India. It is India’s major landlocked fish market of fresh water and a shelter for a variety of wild animals.
2Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuaryhome to predators like leopard, jackal, etc. Sambars, barking deernear Anandpur Sahib
3Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife SanctuaryPangolin, Mongoose, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Jackal, Hog DeerScattered by an area of 382 hectares at the hoof of Shivalik Range of Himalayas passing through Ropar.
Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:
Dams
Sl.No.DamRiverNearest CityPurpose/Project
1.Ranjit Sagar DamRaviPathankotIrrigation+ Hydroelectric+ Flood Control
2.Siswan DamSiswan KhadKhararFlood Control+ Irrigation
3.Jainti DamSoonkKhararFlood Control +Irrigation

Rivers
Sl.No.RiverRemarks
1Sutlej Riveroriginates from Rakshasthal Lake adjacent to Mount Kailash in Tibet.
2Beas RiverBeas River merges with Sutlej Riverat Harike Pattan situated towards Amritsar
3Ravi RiverThis river is also the border river of India and Pakistan and flows in the northern side of Lahore city.  famous Indus civilization, Harappa, and one of its utmost cities was situated close to the earlier route of this River
Lakes
Sl.No.LakeLocated in/near
1Sukhna LakeChandigarh
2Harike LakeFerozpur
3Kanjli LakeKapurthala

Important Power generation plants:
Sl.No.Plant/ProjectType/Category
1Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, BhatindaThermal power plant
2Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Power Plant, RoparThermal power plant
3Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant, Lehra Mohabbat, BhatindaThermal power plant
4Ranjit Sagar DamHydro power plant
5Shanan Power HouseHydro power plant
Airports:
1. Ludhiana Sahnewal Airport- Ludhiyana
2. Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport- Amritsar
2. Bhatinda Airport- Bhisiana
3. Pathankot Airport- Pathankot
Folk Dances:
1. Bhanghra            
2. Giddha Dance
3. Jhummar Dance  
4. Dhumall Dance  
5. Dhankara Dance
Tribes:
1. Sikh Jats        
2. Khatri clans        
4. Arora clans    
3. Rajput clans
Important Regional Festivals:
Sl.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.Lohrimarks the end of winter and for Punjabis
2.Basant Panchamithe advent of spring
3.Hola Mohallaa gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles on the day following the festival of Holi.
4.Baisakhianniversary of the founding of Khalsa
5.Guru Purbsheld in association with the lives of the Sikh Gurus Gurupurbs celebrated are the birthdays of Guru Nanak and Guru Govind Singh and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur.
6.Jor Melain the memory of Guru Gobind Singh's two sons Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh who were buried alive in a brick-wall
7Hariballabh Sangeet Melaheld in Jalandhar in the memory of the sant-musician, Swami Hariballabh
Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites:
Sl.No.Monument/Temple/SitesLocated inRemarks
1Golden Temple(Sri Harmandir Sahib)Amritsarholiest Gurdwara of Sikhism
2Fatehgarh Sahib GurudwaraSahotabuilt on the site where 300 years ago, Guru Gobind Singhji's two young Sahibzadas were entombed alive by the Mughals
3Takht Sri Keshgarh SahibAnandpur Sahibbirthplace of the Khalsa,here Guru Gobind Singh baptized 5 sikhs
4Damadama SahibBathindaGuru Gobind Singhji stayed here for 9 months and he worked on the Adi Granth.
5Quila Mubarak (Palace)Patialapalace was built by Maharaja Ala Singh in 1764
6Jagatjit PalaceKapurthalaarchitecture borrowed from the famous Fontainebleau and Palace of Versailles Today,it is run as the Sainik School and maintained by the Defense Ministry
7Jallianwala Bagh(Historical Site)AmritsarOn Sunday April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning.
8Wagah borderAmritsarThe lowering of the flags, or the Beating Retreat ceremony is a daily military practice that the security forces of India (Border Security Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan Rangers) have jointly followed since 1959
Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:
Sl.No.CityNick Name
1AmritsarCity of Golden Temple, Holy City
2PatialaRoyal City
Sport Stadiums:
Sl.No.StadiumSport-PurposeCity
1Guru Gobind Singh Stadiummulti-purpose stadiumJalandhar
2International Hockey StadiumHockeyMohali
3Punjab Cricket Association Stadium(Bindra Stadium)CricketMohali
Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:
Sl.No.NameConstituencyMinistry
1Harsimrat Kaur BadalBhatinda

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