26 February, 2017

Study notes on "VITAMINS" (Part-II) for SSC CGL Pre 2017

VITAMIN A (Retinol)

SOURCE

Dairy products, cod liver oil,liver, dark green and yellow vegetables and fruits

FUNCTION

Maintains eye healthPromotes growth and development, maintains healthy bones and teethEnhances the protection and regeneration of cells and mucous membraneMaintains healthy respiratory and intestinal tractsMaintain healthy hair, nails and skin

SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY

Night blindness, dry eyesDry skinStomach discomfortPoor growthWeak bones and teeth

SYMPTOMS OF EXCESS

Dry, scaly, peeling, and itchy skin, rashHair lossPoor appetite, fatigueVomiting, stomach discomfortLiver injuryHeadache, bone painNervousness, irritability

VITAMIN B

VITAMIN B1 (Thymine)

SOURCE

sprouts, yeast

Desease

Beri-beri

VITAMIN B2 (Ryboflabin)

SOURCE

sprout, present in cow's milk(yellowish)

Desease

Cheilosis, ulceration

VITAMIN B6 (Pyridoxine)

FUNCTION

It is responsible for rememeber dreams.

SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY

Anaemia Nervousness, insomnia, depression Muscle cramps

VITAMIN C (Ascorbic acid)

SOURCE

Citrus fruits(orange,grapefruit,lemon),strawberry,black current,kiwi fruit, tomato, green leafy vegetables, green pepper

FUNCTION

Helps synthesize collagen; promotes the growth and repair of cells, gum, teeth, blood vessels and bonesHelps healing after operation and injuryHelps calcium and iron absorptionEnhances immunity

SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY

ScurvyGuminflammation and bleeding, fall of teethSusceptibility to skin bleeding, burst of capillary vesselsWeakness, fatigueBone pain, swollen and aching joints

SYMPTOMS OF EXCESS

Abdominal painDiarrheaKidney stone

In smokers and drinkers vitamin C is absent

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