22 March, 2017

Important Ancient Books on Science and Medicine For SSC CGL EXAM

ATHARVAVEDA (1000 BCE) Treatise on health, longevity, and curative treatment. Hygiene, dietetics, and beneficial effects of milk have also been elaborately dealt with.

BHELA SAMHITA (800 BCE) A codification of medicine scattered in the Vedas.  Atreya is known as the writer of Bhela Samhita

AGNIVESA SAMHITA (700 BCE) A codification of medicine by Agnivesa (a disciple of Atreya - founder of Ayurveda).  

KASHYAP SAMHITA (600 BCE) Deals with paediatrics.

CHIVARAVASTU (500 BCE) Mentions the court physician of Bimbisara (King of Magadha) as a marvelous physician and surgeon. Describes difficult surgical operations e.g. opening of the brain and eye surgery. 

HIPPOCRATIC OATH (460 TO 370 BCE) Hippocrates is considered to be the father of western medicine. The Oath is thought to have been written by the Greek physician Hippocrates. In some medical colleges around the world this oath is taken by graduating doctors. 

HUANGDI NEICHING (450 BCE) The first book on medicine in China. 

CHARAKA SAMHITA (100 CE) A classical exposition of Indian medicine. It deals with almost all branches of medicine. 

CELSUS (100 TO 200 CE) A treatise on medicine and surgery from Alexandria and Rome.

SUSRUTA SAMHITA (200 TO 300 CE) A treatise on Ayurveda like the Charaka Samhita. Susruta is described as a disciple of Dhanwantari. 

VAGHATA (500 TO 600 CE) A concise and scientific exposition of Ayurveda in verse from. It is distinguished by its knowledge of chemical reactions and laboratory processes etc.

VEDUKUNTA (600 TO 750 CE) A tratise on the rasa chikitsa system of ancient medicine, which considers mercury as the king of all medicines. It explains various preparations of mercury and other metals, alloys, metallic compounds, salts, and sulphur. 

MADHAVACHARAYA (700 TO 800 CE) A  compilation from earlier works of Agnivesa, Charaka, Susruta, and Vaghata and is famous all over India as the best treatise on Ayurveda and diagnosis of disease. 

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