11 April, 2017

Census 2011 | Important notes on Census 2011

Census is an important topic from which you can find some questions in banking and SSC exams. So, here we provide you brief about census 2011.

The Indian Census is the largest single source of a variety of statistical information on different characteristics of the people of India. With a history of more than 130 years, this reliable, time-tested exercise has been bringing out a veritable wealth of statistics every 10 years, beginning from 1872 when the first census was conducted in India non-synchronously in different parts. To scholars and researchers in demography, economics, anthropology, sociology, statistics and many other disciplines, the Indian Census has been a fascinating source of data. The rich diversity of the people of India is truly brought out by the decennial census which has become one of the tools to understand and study India.

Population Census 2011

The Census 2011 is the 15th National census survey conducted by the Census Organization of India. Mr. C. Chandramouli is the Commissioner & Registrar General of the Indian 2011 Census. The 2011 Indian National Census has been conducted in 2 phases - house listing and population. The national census survey covered all the 28 states of the country and 7 Union territories including 640 districts, 497 cities, 5767 tehsils & over 6 lakh villages.

The Indian Population Census 2011 covered a number of parameters during the survey. These parameters include population, the growth rate in the population, the rate of literacy, the density of population, sex ratio and child sex ratio (0-6 years). According to the census reports of Indian Census 2011, the population of India is 1,210,854,977 with 623, 724, 248 males and 586,469, 174 females. The total literacy rate in the country at present is 74.04%. The density of population is 382 persons/sq.km. In regards to sex ratio, at present, there are 940 females on average on per 1000 males and the child sex ratio is 914 females per 1000 males.

Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 percent in 2001 to 74.04 percent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 percentage points.

Most Populated Metros:-

1. Mumbai: 18,394,912
2. Delhi: 16,349,831
3. Kolkata: 14,035,959
4. Chennai: 8,653,521
5. Bangalore: 8,520,435

High/Top Population States:

1. Uttar Pradesh: 19, 95, 81, 477
2. Maharashtra: 11, 23, 72, 972
3. Bihar: 10, 38, 04, 637
4. West Bengal: 9, 13, 47, 736

Low/Bottom Population States:

1. Lakshadweep: 64.47 Thous
2. Daman & Diu: 2.43 Lakh
3. Dadar & Nagar Haveli: 3.44 Lakh
4. Andaman and Nicobar Islands: 3.81 Lakh
5. Sikkim: 6.11 Lakh

Top Literate States:

1. Kerala: 94.00 %
2. Lakshadweep: 91.85 %
3. Mizoram: 91.33 %
4. Goa: 88.70 %
5. Tripura: 87.22 %

Bottom Literate States:

1. Bihar: 63.82
2. Arunachal Pradesh: 66.95

Sex ratio (females per thousand males):

India: 933
Rural: 946
Urban: 900
State with Highest Female Sex Ratio (Kerala): 1,058
State with Lowest Female Sex Ratio (Haryana): 861
UT with Highest Female Sex Ratio (Pondicherry): 1,001
UT with Lowest Female Sex Ratio (Daman & Diu): 710
District with Highest Female Sex Ratio (Mahe, Pondicherry): 1,147
District with Lowest Female Sex Ratio (Daman, Daman & Diu): 591

High-Density State:

1. Delhi: 11,320
2. Chandigarh: 9,258
3. Puducherry: 2,547
4. Daman and Diu: 2,191
5. Lakshadweep: 2,149