13 July, 2016

Facts About Goa

Goa, a tiny emerald land on the west coast of India, the 25th State in the Union of States of India, was liberated from Portuguese rule in 1961. It was part of Union territory of Goa, Daman & Diu till 30 May 1987 when it was carved out to form a separate State. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. Goa is India's smallest State-with the largest heart.
Capital city : Panaji
Chief Minister : Laxmikant Parsekar
Governor : Mridula Sinha
High Court  : High Court of Bombay at Goa- Altinho, Panjim
Chief Justice : Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela
Number of Districts: 2 (North Goa District, South Goa District)
Speciality:  Goa is endowed with Mineral Resources. Iron ore, Manganese ore, Bauxite are minerals of economic importance. Besides there are minor minerals like Basalt, Laterite stones and rubbles, River sand, Murrum etc., which are in great demand as construction material.
National Parks :
Sl.No.Name of National ParkSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
1.Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National ParkGaur, Sambar, Leopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats, Malayan Giant Squirrelslocated in the Goan town of Mollem, situated on the eastern border of Goa
2.Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuaryflying foxes, jackals and crocodilesGoa's only bird sanctuary, area consists of mangrove vegetation
Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:
Sl.No.DamRiverNearest CityPurpose/Project
1.Salaulim DamSanguemSanguemIrrigation
2.Anjunam DamMandoviSatariIrrigation
1.Mandovidescribed as the lifeline of the indian state of Goa.Mandovi joins with the Zuari at a common point at Cabo Aguada, forming the Mormugao harbour.             
2.ChaporaIt runs westward into the Arabian sea at Chapora and demarcates the border between the North Goa talukas of Pernem and Bardez.
3.Zuarithe largest river in Goa, it is a tidal river
Lakes/ Waterfall
Sl.No.Lake/WaterfallLocated in/near
1.Dudhsagar WaterfallSonaulim
2.Mayem LakeBicholim
3.Carambolim LakePanaji
Important Power generation plants:
1Reliance Energy LimitedThermal
2Goa Gas Power StationGas Power generation
1. Goa International Airport (Dabolim Airport)
Folk Dances:
1. Talgadi
2. Goff
3. Tonya Mel
4. Mando
5. Kunbi dance
6. Suvar
7. Dasarawadan
8. Virabhadra
1. Gowdas
2. Kunbis
3. Velips
4. Dhangars

Important Regional Festivals:
Sl.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.Bonderam Festivalcelebrated in the month of August, in memory of the protests that were raised by scores of villagers against the unjust and unreasonable system adopted to settle down land disputes and ownership issues of land.
2.Christmascelebration of Christmas in Goa starts from the Christmas Eve and lingers on for some time even after the actual date of the festival.
3.Goa CarnivalIt is a four-day celebration that begins on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday. The Goa Carnival is led by King Momo which has its own rhythms of guitars, folk songs and drumbeats accompanied by a colourful parade of floats and dancing troupes.
4.Feast of St Francis Xavierheld on the 3rd of December at the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. St Francis Xavier is the patron saint of Goa. His body has been preserved for centuries and lies in an exquisite silver casket at the Basilica and is displayed every ten years during the exposition.
5.Grape FestivalGoa Tourism Development Corporation organizes this festival.
6.Shigmo FestivalThis 'festival of colours' in the state of Goa is celebrated as Shigmotsav. This is celebrated to bid farewell to winter and to welcome the season of spring.
7.Sunburn Music FestivalAsia's largest music festival
Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites:
Sl.No.Monument/Temple/SitesLocated inRemarks
1.Bom Jesus BasilicaOld GoaUNESCO heritage site, this church is world renowned to still host the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.
2.Se CathedralVelhaone of the largest in India whilst being amongst the famous churches in Goa too. Being one of the oldest in the country, the Se Cathedral was built to celebrate the victory of the Portuguese ruler Afonso de Albuquerque for capturing a Goan city in 1510.
3.Church of St Francis of Assisi
amongst the revered Roman Catholic churches. Known for its Barque and Corinthian architecture, the church’s interiors are finely inlaid with ornaments. On the tabernacle reside two statues – one of the Christ and the other of St. Francis of Assisi.
4.Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate ConceptionPanaji17th century structure
5.Church of St. CajetanVelharesembles the St. Peter’s Church in Rome. Built with laterite blocks, the church has influences of Corinthian style of architecture.
6.Church of Our Lady of MiraclesSanguemBuilt by the Portuguese government, this church once collapsed before being rebuilt. By 1977, the old church was completely demolished and in place a new church was erected.
7.Mormugao PortSouth Goa districtGoa’s main port
8.Baga BeachNorth Goa
9.Candolim BeachNorth GoaOne of the best beaches in Goa known for its scrubbed sand dunes. Located close to the famous Princess River is known for its unspoiled scenic beauty and serene atmosphere.
10.Calangute BeachNorth GoaReferred as the Queen of Goa Beaches, Calangute Beach, famous for its golden shimmering sand
11.Anjuna BeachNorth Goaknown for its rock formations
12.Morjim BeachNorth GoaReferred to as the Turtle Beach, Morjim Beach is nestled amidst verdant locales.
13.Fort AguadaBardez sub-district, North Goawell-preserved seventeenth-century Portuguese fort
14.Chapora Fortnear Anjuna BeachBuilt by Adil Shah of Bijapur. It was given a new dimension when the Portuguese took over and one can see traces of the Portuguese architecture in it.
Sport Stadiums:
1Jawarharlal Nehru Stadium (Fatorda Stadium)multipurposeMargao
2Tilak Maidan Stadium  footballVasco da Gama

Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:
1.Manohar ParrikarPanajiDefence

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