16 December, 2016

Physics and Chemistry--Founders

1. Archimedes—Invention of the famous Archimedean law, discovery of the principles of lever and specific gravity.
2. Avogadro—An Italian scientists known for Avogadro’s hypothesis.
3. Bacquarrel—Radio-activity of uranium.
4. Baird J.L.—Television.
5. Benjamin Franklin—Lightning conductor.
6. Bhabha H.J.—Research in cosmic rays and quantum theory.
7. Binet—Intelligence tests.
8. Bose, J.C.—Crescograph.
9. Bose, S.N.—Discovery of nuclear particles ‘Boson’.
10. Bohr—Electron Theory, Atomic structure.
11. Bunsen—Spectroscope.
12. Bushwell—Submarine.
13. Carothers—Nylon Plastics.
14. Cavendish—Discovery of hydrogen, rare gases, chemical composition of water.
15. Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution; Origin of Species.
16. Curie, Madame—Radium.
17. Dalton—Law of partial pressures; Atomic theory; laws of chemical combination; the law of multiple proportions.
18. Democritus—(Greek Philosopher)—Atomic theory.
19. Dewar—Thermos flask.
20. Einstein—Theory of relativity.
21. Euclid—Science of geometry.
22. Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is—32° and boiling point is 212°.
23. Farady—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
24. Fermi—Artificial splitting of atoms.
25. Freud—Psycho-analysis.
26. Gay Lussac—Law of gases.
27. Herschel. William—Discovered the planet Uranus.
28. Hertz—Electrical waves.
29. Hoffman—Aniline dye.
30. Kelvin, Lord—Dynamic theory of heat.
31. Khorana, Dr. Hargovind—Interpretation of genetic code.
32. Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.
33. Lee de Forest—Talkies, radio, telephone.
34. Lockyer—Helium gas.
35. Louis Braille—Discovered and perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind.
36. Marconi—Wireless telegraphy, radio.
37. Maxwell—Electromagnetic theory of light.
38. Mendel—Laws of heredity.
39. Mendeleev—Periodic table.
40. Millikan, R.A.—Cosmic rays.
41. Newton—Laws of Motion, laws of gravitation.
42. Nobel—Dynamite.
43. Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission.
44. Planck—Quantum theory.
45. Priestley—Discovery of oxygen.
46. Raman C.V.—‘Raman Effect’.
47. Ramnathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
48. Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician.
49. Ramsay—Discovery of inert gases like Argon, Helium, Neon etc.
50. Robert Mallet—Seismograph.
51. Roger Bacon—Discovery of gun powder.
52. Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays.
53. Rutherford—Succeeded in splitting the atom for the first time.
54. Stephenson—British engineer-to put locomotive on the line.
55. Thomson J.J.—Discovered electron.
56. Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen.
57. Volta—Current electricity and electric battery.
58. Wadia D.N.—Meteorology.
59. Ykawa. Hideki—Meson.

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