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Showing posts with label Indian States. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Indian States. Show all posts

02 September, 2016

 An Insight Into The Indian States (CHANDIGARH )

Chandigarh, the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, it is known as one of the best experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in the twentieth century in India.

Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of "Chandi Mandir" located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity 'Chandi', the goddess of power and a fort of 'garh' laying beyond the temple gave the city its name "Chandigarh-The City Beautiful".

In March, 1948, the Government of Punjab, in consultation with the Government of India, approved the area of the foothills of the Shivaliks as the site for the new capital. The location of the city site was a part of the erstwhile Ambala district as per the 1892-93 gazetteer of District Ambala. The foundation stone of the city was laid in 1952. Subsequently, at the time of reorganization of the state on 01.11.1966 into Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pardesh, the city assumed the unique distinction of being the capital city of both, Punjab and Haryana while it itself was declared as a Union Territory and under the direct control of the Central Government.

Chandigarh Census data 2011:-

Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) - 818 

Literacy Rate- 86.05%

Approximate Population- 10.55 Lakhs

Administrator  

Kaptan Singh Solanki- Raj Bhawan, Chandigarh

Famous in Chandigarh:

War Memorial- Chandigarh War Memorial perhaps the largest War Memorial of the country, with nearly 8459 names of the Deceased Soldiers since 1947 from Army Air Force and Navy stands located in the serene and beautiful Bougainvillea garden of Chandigarh and was inaugurated by H’ble President of India Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam on 17th August, 2006.

Rose Garden- Zakir Hussain Rose Garden Asia's largest Rose Garden and is spreaded over 30 acres of land having over 1600 different species or roses. These have been planted beautifully carved out lawns and flowers beds. Like the cultural zone which is just across the road in sector 10,this was also planned by Dr. M.S. Randhawa as his interest in horticulture and fondness for flowers was profuse.

Rock Garden- Chandigarh has the distinction of having a unique world acclaimed Rock Garden. It Consist of art object, fashioned from industrial and urban waste. The Rock Garden has become almost a heritage site. Artists and connoisseurs from all over the world flock to see this unique and amazing creation. The Concept is daring, the appeal perennial. Visitors leave in admiration, only to return again. The creator of the rock garden, Nek Chand was a Road Inspector in the Engineering Department of the Chandigarh Capital Project. He roamed the Shivalik foothills and picked up stones resembling bird, animal, human and abstract forms. He brought them on his bicycle. The first seven years (1958-65) were spent collecting natural material, urban and industrial waste. Gradually his collection mounted to a staggering twenty thousand rock form of amazing beauty. These were deposited around a hut which he had built for his work and contemplation. He built the Rock Garden from this improvised hut which was located by the side of a stream.

High Court of Punjab and Haryana- A new chapter opened in the history of the High Court in the year 1966. The States Re-organisation Act, 1966, brought another State named Haryana and the Union Territory of Chandigarh into existence from November 1st, 1966. From the date of enforcement of the said Re-organisation Act, the High Court of Punjab was renamed as 'the High Court of Punjab and Haryana'. The Judges of the High Court of Punjab became Judges of the common High Court with all the powers and jurisdiction of the High Court of Punjab. However, the principal seat of the High Court remained at Chandigarh.

Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court- Justice Shiavax Jal Vazifdar

26 July, 2016

Facts about Telangana

Telangana, as a geographical and political entity was born on June 2, 2014 as the 29th and the youngest state in Union of India. However, as an economic, social, cultural and historical entity it has a glorious history of at least two thousand five hundred years or more. Megalithic stone structures like cairns, cists, dolmens and menhir​s found in several districts of Telangana show that there were human habitations in this part of the country thousands of years ago. Remnants of iron ore smelting found at many places demonstrate the hoary roots of artisanship and tool making in Telangana for at least two thousand years. The reference to AsmakaJanapada, part of present Telangana, as one of the 16 Janapadas in ancient India proves that there exist​ed an advanced stage of society.

25 July, 2016

Facts about Jharkhand

Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,714 km. The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka is sub capital while Jamshedpur is the largest and the biggest industrial city of the state.
Capital city: Ranchi
Chief Minister: Raghubar Das
Governor: Draupadi Murmu         
High Court : Ranchi  High Court, Ranchi
Number of Districts: 24

24 July, 2016

Facts about Odisha

As its name suggests, Odisha is situated in the very heart of India.  It is surrounded by West Bengal to the north-east and in the east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the south. 
Capital city: Bhubaneswar
Chief Minister:  Shri Naveen Patnaik
Governor: Dr. S. C. Jamir
High Court : Cuttack  
The Acting Chief Justice: Justice Vineet Saran
Number of Districts: 30
Population : 36,706,920 (11th)
Area : 155,707 km² (9th)

21 July, 2016

Facts about Kerala

Today, we are discussing the state Kerala.
With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields. Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine... All of which offer you a unique experience. And what's more, each of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other - a singular advantage no other destination offers.
Geographical view:
Area:        38,863 km²
Land Structure: The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. 
Main CropsCash Crops like coconut, rubber, tea, coffee, pepper, cardamom, areca nut, ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon etc

20 July, 2016

Facts about Daman & Diu

Daman and Diu.
Union Territory of Daman and Diu comprises two districts namely Daman and Diu. Both Districts are situated on western coast of India at a distance of about 700 kms. Daman is the head Quarter of this U.T. Daman is on main land near southern portion of Gujarat State. Vapi is the nearest Railway Station (13 kms) which is on Western Railway between Mumbai and Surat. Vapi is 167 kms from Mumbai Central and 95 kms from Surat.

18 July, 2016

Facts about West Bengal

West Bengal.
New horizon, vibrant state, colourful people with their rapidly changing lifestyle, modernisation in one word metamorphosis – this is our new West Bengal. On one hand it has fascinating culture, rich history and heritage and on the other hand it has modern, techno-savvy, upwardly mobile people. The land of West Bengal has in it intricately woven stories of many civilisations and settlements which left their footprint here. With the memory of that rich history West Bengal boasts of different ethnicity, culture, religion and languages and most importantly the diverse landscape -flanked by the Himalayas as the top and decorated by the natural beaches and a unique biosphere, the Sunderbans in the south. Let us unfold the true Bengal – its history, its real nature, its culture - the canvas with all colours.

Capital city: Kolkata
Chief Minister: Mamta Banerjee
Governor: Keshari Nath Tripathi
High Court : Kolkata  High Court
The Acting Chief Justice: Dr. Manjula Chellur
Number of Districts: 20
Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce

16 July, 2016

Facts about Andhra Pradesh

Geographical view:
Area: 160,205 km²
Land Structure: It contains plain (Andhra plains), Plateau (Rayalsima plateau, khammamplatue), Mountains (Eastern Ghats Vijayawada hills)
Important river: Krishna, Penneru, Godavari,
Main Crops: Rice, jowar, bajra, wheat, maize etc...  
Climate: tropical climate 
Main minerals: due to the variety of rocksand minerals it is called as ratnaGarbha.
First in iron ore production, magnese ore etc it is top producer of minerals in india.
Largest mica producer
Industries: AP ranks 4th at National level in IT performance.



River and dams:
Sl.No.RiverDamNearest CityRemark
1.Krishna
a)Srisailam
b)Nagarjuna Sagar
c)Parkasam Barrage
Kurnool
Guntur
Guntur
Gravity & Earth-fill
2.Godavari
Dowleswaram Barrage
Polavaram Project
Rajamundry
For irrigation
3.Machkund River/ SileruLower Sileru hydro
Visakhapatnam
Khammam
4.Penneru
Nellore,
Cuddapah
5.NagavatiSrikulam
Administrative view:
  • Foundation date :  1 November 1956
  • Capital: Amaravati
  • District: 13
  • Legislative: 175
  • Number of MLA: 175
  • Number of MP in Lok Sabha: 25
  • Number of MP in Rajya sabha: 11

Cabinet ministers:
NameHouseMinistryConstituency
Shri Ashok Gajpati Raju pusapatiLok Sabhacivil aviationVizianagaram
Smt. Nirmala SitharamanRajya SabhaMinister of state IC  commerce & industries
Shri Y.S. chowdaryRajya sabhastate minister Earth and science , sci.& tech

Others:
Principal language: Telgu and Urdu
State population: 49.67 million
Important dances:
1. Kuchipudi
2. Andhra nirtyam / Natyam
Sl.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.Makar SakrantiIt is also known as harvest festival
2.UgadiTelegu new year
3.Varalakshmi Vratham
National Parks:
Name of National ParkSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
Sri Venkateshwara National Park have many waterfalls---
Gundla brahmeswaram park       is Located between Kurnool and Prakasam districts over the Nallamallai mountain range
Coringa National Park  more than 120 birds species are foundsituated near Kakinada port
The Alisagar Deer park---
 It is decorated with hillocks and flower gardens that increase the beauty of park
Reserved parks:
Reserve ParksSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam tiger reserve    spread over five districts (Nalgonda, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Prakasam&Guntoor)
Rollapadu WLS Only habitat for the endangered Great Indian Bustardlocated in the Kurnool district
Pulicat Lake WLSlocated in Nellore, Chittoor districts
Sport Stadiums/Arena:
Sl.No.Stadium/ArenaSport-PurposeCity
1.Aca Vdca StadiumCricketVisakhapatnam
Important City:
Sl.No.CityNick NameFamous
1Amaravatiriverfront capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
2Gunturexports large quantities of chillies and tobacco
3VisakhapatnamFinancial Capital of Andhra Pradesh 
4Vijayawadarecognised as a "Global City of the Future by McKinsey Quarterly
5TirupatiSpiritual Capital of Andhra PradeshIndia's Ministry of Tourism named Tirupati as the "Best Heritage City
6Anantpurlargest district in the state
Famous temple:
Sl.No.Monument/Temple/SitesLocated inRemarks
1Venkateswara Temple Tirumala(Tirupati Balaji)in Chittoor District
2SrisailamKurnool DistrictThe sanctum sanctorium is covered with gold
3Vinayaka Temple KanipakamChittoor District on the banks of river Bahudatemple of Lord SwayambuVinayaka
4Sri Veereswara Swamy TempleMuramallaThis holy shrine is the abode of Lord Sri Veereswaraswamy
5AmaravatiGuntur District
 known as Dhanyakataka/Dharanikota   great Buddhist site Stupa built in pre-Mauryan times
6Lakshmi Narasimha TempleIt is situated at the foot of the Auspicious Hill in Mangalagiri of Guntur districtone of the eight sacred places of Lord Vishnu in India.
Major Airports:
1. Visakhapatnam Airport: Visakhapatnam 
2. Vijayawada Airport: Vijayawada
3. Cuddapah Airport: Cuddapah
Ports:
AP is the secound maritime state (after Gujrat) in terms of cargo handled. 
1. Visakhapatnam Port: Visakhapatnam District (It is the fifth busiest port in India in terms of Cargo handled)
2. Kakinada Port: East Godavari District
Thermal Power plants in Andhra pradesh:
Name of Thermal Power PlantLocationImportant Remarks
RayalaseemaThrmal Power plant          Cuddapah,  1050 megawatt (MW)  coal plant
vemagiri Power plant                   EAstGodawari388 MW gas based
vijayawada thermal plant              Krishnacoal-based power plants
Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant      Visakhapatnam  coal-fired power plant
Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station Nellorecoal-based power plants
Tribes
Savara 
Gadaba 
Khonds 
Koya 

15 July, 2016

Facts about Lakshadweep

The Union Territory of Lakshadweep is an archipelago situated in the Arabian Sea at a distance of 220 - 440 km from the west coast of India. Lakshadweep is the tiniest Union Territory of India and lies about 220-440 km from Kochi, Kerala. All Lakshadweep islands are of coral origin and some of them like Minicoy, Kalpeni, Kadmat, Kiltan and Chetlat are typical atolls.
 "Lakshadweep, the group of 36 islands is known for its exotic and sun-kissed beaches and lush green landscape. The name Lakshadweep in Malayalam and Sanskrit means 'a hundred thousand islands'. "
Capital - Kavaratti
Administrative HQ  - KAVARATTI.
Administrators - Vijay Kumar

14 July, 2016

Facts About North East India

North-east India falls in the distinctive part of Indo Burma hotspots which ranks 6th among the 25 biodiversity region of the world. The region is a treasure trove for herbs, plants, animals and microbial resources. Despite of all the natural resources, North East remain one of the most secluded terrain of India with all the possibilities of economy rise. Realizing that some one has to take the initiative first, Association for Promoting North-East India (APNEI) stepped forward with unique ideas and concepts to attract attention of globetrotters to this part of the world.

Facts About Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir  is a state in northern India, often denoted by the acronym J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with China in the north and east, and the Line of Control. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.


The State of Jammu & Kashmir is situated in extreme north of India. It was founded on 26 October, 1947.
J&K touches International boundaries with:
·         China in the north and east,
·         Afghanistan in the north-west
·         Pakistan in the west

13 July, 2016

Facts About Maharashtra

India's third-largest and second-most populous state, Maharashtra is an expansive canvas showcasing many of India's iconic attractions

 Capital – Mumbai
·         Chief Minister - Devendra Fadnavis
·         Governor - C. Vidyasagar Rao
·         Maharashtra Day: 1st May
·         Folk dance of Maharashtra: Lavani
·         Bombay High Court is the High Court of the state of Maharashtra
·         The Chief Justice - Mr. Justice Vijaya Kamlesh Tahilramani
·         Total Number of districts: 36
·         The Arabian Sea makes up Maharashtra's west coast. Maharashtra consists of two major relief divisions. The plateau is a part of the Deccan tableland and the Konkan coastal strip abutting on the Arabian Sea.
 
The list of important Rivers and Dams of Maharashtra:
S.NoRiversImportant DamsRemark
1Godavari RiverThe Jayakwadi Dam (Aurangabad)The Godavari River is the second longest river in India 
2Tapti RiverBisalpur Dam near (Deoli in Tonk district)
3Bhima RiverUjjani Dam (Solapur)its large water reservoir known as the Bhadalwadi Lake is one of the largest wetlands in India
4Narmada Riveralso called the Rewa, is a river in central India and the fifth longest river in the Indian subcontinent
5Koyna RiverKoyna Dam (Koyna Nagar, Satara district)It is the largest dams in Maharashtra
6Painganga RiverIsapur Dam (Yavatmal, Nanded region)It is one of the largest water reservoir in Maharashtra with the total height of 57 m.
7Pench riverThe Totladoh Dam (Nagpur)It is a gravity dam
The list of important Lakes of Maharashtra in India:
S.NoLakesCityRemark
1Lonar LakeLonar in Buldhana districtIt was created by a meteor impact during the Pleistocene Epoch and it is the only known hyper velocity impact crater in basaltic rock anywhere on earth.
2Venna lakeMahabaleshwar
3Rankala LakeKolhapur District It is the oldest of all lakes in Maharashtra
4Upvan LakeThane is famous for hosting the Sanskruti Arts Festival.
5Ambazari lakeNagpurIt is the largest lake in the city. Nag River of Nagpur originates from this lake.
6Vihar LakeVihar villageon the Mithi River within the precincts of the Borivali National Park, also called the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, in North Mumbai.

Major Airports in Maharashtra: 
S.NoName of AirportsCity
1Aurangabad AirportAurangabad
2Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportMumbai
3Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International AirportNagpur
Important Thermal, Nuclear & Hydroelectricity Power Plants:
S.No.Name of Power PlantTypeLocationRemark
1Bhira Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant IndiaHydroelectricBhira
2Koyna Hydro Power PlantHydroelectricIt is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India
3Ghatghar Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power PlantHydroelectricAhmednagar district
4Bhivpuri Hydroelectric Power PlantHydroelectricMumbai
5Khopoli Hydroelectric Power PlantHydroelectricRaigad district
6Bhira Tail Race Hydroelectric Power PlantHydroelectricPatnus
7Tillari Hydroelectric Power PlantHydroelectricDodamarg Taluka
8Vaitarna Hydroelectric Power PlantHydroelectricVaitarna
9Bhandardara Hydroelectric Power SystemHydroelectricBhandardara
10Chandrapur Super Thermal Power StationThermalChandrapur district
11Tiroda Thermal Power StationThermalTirora in Gondia districta coal-based thermal power plant
12RattanIndia Amravati Thermal Power ProjectThermalAmravati districta coal-based thermal power plant
13Bhusawal Thermal Power PlantThermalBhusawal city of Jalgaon district
14Kaparkheda Thermal Power StationThermalNagpur district
15Parli Thermal Power PlantThermalParli Vaijnath in Beed district
16Tarapur Atomic Power Station (T.A.P.S.)NuclearTarapurTarapur is the largest nuclear power station in India
Important National Parks, Bird and Wildlife Sanctuary:
S.NoNameLocation
1Chandoli National Park Sangli District
2Gugamal National Park Amravati District
3Nawegaon National Park              Gondia district
4Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park    Mumbai city
5Tadoba National ParkChandrapur district
The list of important Stadiums in Maharashtra:
S. No.StadiumCity
1DY Patil Stadium (Football stadium)Navi Mumbai
2Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium (cricket stadium)Nagpur
3Wankhede Stadium (cricket stadium)Mumbai
4Cooperage Football Stadium (Football stadium)Mumbai
5Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (cricket stadium)Pune
6Mahindra Hockey Stadium (Hockey stadium)Navi Mumbai
7Fr. Agnel Stadium (Football stadium)Mumbai
8PCMC Hockey Stadium (Hockey stadium)Pimpri-Chinchwad
9B.P.T. Ground (Football stadium)Mumbai
Nicknames/Special titles of cities:
S. NoCitySpecial names
1NagpurOrange City
2Pune
Oxford of the East
Queen of Deccan
3Nashik
Wine capital of India
Grape city of India
California of India
4Mumbai
City of Seven Islands
Financial Capital of India
City of Dreams
City of Slums and Skyscrapers
Gateway of India
Hollywood of India
Maximum City
5Solapur
Textile City of India
Manchester of India
6KolhapurCity of Wrestlers
The list of important Festivals of Maharashtra:
S.No.Festivals
1Gudhi Padwa
2Pola
3Ganesh Chaturthi
4The Banganga Festival
5The Ellora Festival
The list of important Monument, Palace and Forts:
S.No.Monuments
1Gateway of IndiaMumbai City
2Shri Mahalakshmi TempleKolhapur
3Shree Siddhivinayak Ganapati MandirPrabhadevi, Mumbai
4TrimbakeshwarNashik
5BhimashankarPune
6Mahalaxmi TempleMumbai
7The Karla CavesLonavala
8Elephanta cavesElephanta Island, or Gharapuri in Mumbai
9ShaniwarwadaPune
10Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu SangrahalayaMuseum in Mumbai
11Raigad FortRaigad district
12Panhala fortKolhapur
13The Rajabai Clock TowerSouth Mumbai

Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:
Sl.No.NameConstituencyMinistry
1.Ramdas AthawaleRajya Sabha MPSocial Justice & Empowerment (MoS)
2.Piyush GoyalRajya Sabha MP
Power (MoS, Independent Charge)
Coal ((MoS, Independent Charge)
New and Renewable Energy ((MoS, Independent Charge)
Mines (MoS, Independent Charge)
3.Anant GeeteRaigadHeavy Industries and Public Enterprises
4.Hansraj Gangaram AhirChandrapurHome Affairs(MoS)
5.Nitin Jairam GadkariNagpurRoad Transport and Highways Shipping
Important Tribes of Maharashtra:
·         Bhil
·         Gond-Madia
·         Katkari
·         Koli
·         Oraon
·         Warli

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Facts About Goa

Goa, a tiny emerald land on the west coast of India, the 25th State in the Union of States of India, was liberated from Portuguese rule in 1961. It was part of Union territory of Goa, Daman & Diu till 30 May 1987 when it was carved out to form a separate State. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. Goa is India's smallest State-with the largest heart.
Capital city : Panaji
Chief Minister : Laxmikant Parsekar
Governor : Mridula Sinha
High Court  : High Court of Bombay at Goa- Altinho, Panjim
Chief Justice : Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela
Number of Districts: 2 (North Goa District, South Goa District)
Speciality:  Goa is endowed with Mineral Resources. Iron ore, Manganese ore, Bauxite are minerals of economic importance. Besides there are minor minerals like Basalt, Laterite stones and rubbles, River sand, Murrum etc., which are in great demand as construction material.
National Parks :
Sl.No.Name of National ParkSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
1.Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National ParkGaur, Sambar, Leopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats, Malayan Giant Squirrelslocated in the Goan town of Mollem, situated on the eastern border of Goa
2.Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuaryflying foxes, jackals and crocodilesGoa's only bird sanctuary, area consists of mangrove vegetation
Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:
Dams
Sl.No.DamRiverNearest CityPurpose/Project
1.Salaulim DamSanguemSanguemIrrigation
2.Anjunam DamMandoviSatariIrrigation
 
Rivers
Sl.No.RiverRemarks
1.Mandovidescribed as the lifeline of the indian state of Goa.Mandovi joins with the Zuari at a common point at Cabo Aguada, forming the Mormugao harbour.             
2.ChaporaIt runs westward into the Arabian sea at Chapora and demarcates the border between the North Goa talukas of Pernem and Bardez.
3.Zuarithe largest river in Goa, it is a tidal river
 
Lakes/ Waterfall
Sl.No.Lake/WaterfallLocated in/near
1.Dudhsagar WaterfallSonaulim
2.Mayem LakeBicholim
3.Carambolim LakePanaji
 
Important Power generation plants:
Sl.No.Plant/ProjectType/Category
1Reliance Energy LimitedThermal
2Goa Gas Power StationGas Power generation
 
Airports:
1. Goa International Airport (Dabolim Airport)
Folk Dances:
1. Talgadi
2. Goff
3. Tonya Mel
4. Mando
5. Kunbi dance
6. Suvar
7. Dasarawadan
8. Virabhadra
Tribes:
1. Gowdas
2. Kunbis
3. Velips
4. Dhangars

Important Regional Festivals:
Sl.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.Bonderam Festivalcelebrated in the month of August, in memory of the protests that were raised by scores of villagers against the unjust and unreasonable system adopted to settle down land disputes and ownership issues of land.
2.Christmascelebration of Christmas in Goa starts from the Christmas Eve and lingers on for some time even after the actual date of the festival.
3.Goa CarnivalIt is a four-day celebration that begins on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday. The Goa Carnival is led by King Momo which has its own rhythms of guitars, folk songs and drumbeats accompanied by a colourful parade of floats and dancing troupes.
4.Feast of St Francis Xavierheld on the 3rd of December at the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. St Francis Xavier is the patron saint of Goa. His body has been preserved for centuries and lies in an exquisite silver casket at the Basilica and is displayed every ten years during the exposition.
5.Grape FestivalGoa Tourism Development Corporation organizes this festival.
6.Shigmo FestivalThis 'festival of colours' in the state of Goa is celebrated as Shigmotsav. This is celebrated to bid farewell to winter and to welcome the season of spring.
7.Sunburn Music FestivalAsia's largest music festival
 
Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites:
Sl.No.Monument/Temple/SitesLocated inRemarks
1.Bom Jesus BasilicaOld GoaUNESCO heritage site, this church is world renowned to still host the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.
2.Se CathedralVelhaone of the largest in India whilst being amongst the famous churches in Goa too. Being one of the oldest in the country, the Se Cathedral was built to celebrate the victory of the Portuguese ruler Afonso de Albuquerque for capturing a Goan city in 1510.
3.Church of St Francis of Assisi
Velha
amongst the revered Roman Catholic churches. Known for its Barque and Corinthian architecture, the church’s interiors are finely inlaid with ornaments. On the tabernacle reside two statues – one of the Christ and the other of St. Francis of Assisi.
4.Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate ConceptionPanaji17th century structure
5.Church of St. CajetanVelharesembles the St. Peter’s Church in Rome. Built with laterite blocks, the church has influences of Corinthian style of architecture.
6.Church of Our Lady of MiraclesSanguemBuilt by the Portuguese government, this church once collapsed before being rebuilt. By 1977, the old church was completely demolished and in place a new church was erected.
7.Mormugao PortSouth Goa districtGoa’s main port
8.Baga BeachNorth Goa
9.Candolim BeachNorth GoaOne of the best beaches in Goa known for its scrubbed sand dunes. Located close to the famous Princess River is known for its unspoiled scenic beauty and serene atmosphere.
10.Calangute BeachNorth GoaReferred as the Queen of Goa Beaches, Calangute Beach, famous for its golden shimmering sand
11.Anjuna BeachNorth Goaknown for its rock formations
12.Morjim BeachNorth GoaReferred to as the Turtle Beach, Morjim Beach is nestled amidst verdant locales.
13.Fort AguadaBardez sub-district, North Goawell-preserved seventeenth-century Portuguese fort
14.Chapora Fortnear Anjuna BeachBuilt by Adil Shah of Bijapur. It was given a new dimension when the Portuguese took over and one can see traces of the Portuguese architecture in it.
 
Sport Stadiums:
Sl.No.StadiumSport-PurposeCity
1Jawarharlal Nehru Stadium (Fatorda Stadium)multipurposeMargao
2Tilak Maidan Stadium  footballVasco da Gama

Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:
Sl.No.NameConstituencyMinistry
1.Manohar ParrikarPanajiDefence
 

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Facts About Madhya Pradesh

As its name suggests, Madhya Pradesh is situated in the very heart of India. It shares its borders with five other states viz., Rajasthan in the north-west, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Gujarat in the west, Maharashtra in the south and Chhattisgarh in the north-east. Madhya Pradesh, with an area of 3, 08, 000 sq. km is the second largest state in India after Rajasthan. It is a part of peninsular plateau of India lying in north central part, whose boundary can be classified in the north by the plains of Ganga-Yamuna, in the west by the Aravali, east by the Chhattisgarh plain and in the south by the Tapti valley and the plateau of Maharashtra.
Madhya Pradesh takes pride in having the country's largest forest coverage of 94689.38 sq.km. Out of 94689.38 sq.km., 61886.49 sq.km. is reserved forest, 31098 sq.km. is protected forest and 1705.85 sq.km. falls under unclassified forest.
Capital city: Bhopal
Chief Minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Governor: Ram Naresh Yadav
High Court : Jabalpur  High Court
The Acting Chief Justice: Rajendra Menon
Number of Districts: 51
State day- 01st November
Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce
Produce/ SpecialityRank in India
Pulse1
soybean1
State Population5
Cereal3
Wheat3
National Parks :
Sl.No.Name of National ParkSpecial Species (if any important)Important Remarks
1Kanha National Park
The Largest National Park in Madhya Pradesh with 940 SQ. KM Under it
Best Administered Parks in Asia 
Has a Significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger and
Species of Birds & Flora
2Satpura National Parkfed-up of crowded wildlife sanctuaries, struggle for getting safari tickets, standing in a queue of safari jeeps, over-crowding of safari jeeps during wildlife sighting then Satpura National Park is the right solution for real wildlife lovers.The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of fascinating deep valleys, sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, rivulets, waterfalls, thickly dense green forest of Sal and other medicinal herbs and Tawa vast reservoir
3Panna Tiger ReserveTiger (Panthera tigris tigris), the king of the jungle, roams freely in this secure, though a bit small habitat along with his fellow beings - leopard (Panthera pardus), wild dog (Cuon alpinus), wolf (Canis lupus).The avifauna comprises more than 200 species, including a host of migratory birds. One can see white necked stork, bareheaded goose, honey Buuzzard, King vulture, Blossom headed Parakeet, Paradise flycatcher, Slaty headed Scimitar babbler to name a few.
4Pench National ParkTigers. Leopards. Jackals. And us humans.Pench National park, nestling in the lower southern reaches of the satpuda hills is named after Pench river, meandering through the park from north to south. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya Pradesh, bordering Maharashtra, in the districts of Seoni and Chhindwara.
5Bandhavgarh National ParkThere are more than 22 species of mammals and 250 species of birds. Common Langurs and Rhesus Macaque represent the primate group.The artiodactyls frequently sighted are Wild Pigs, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Chausingha, Nilgai, Chinkara and Gaur. Mammals such as Dhole, the smallIndian Civet, Palm Squirrel and Lesser Bandicoot Rat are seen occasionally.
Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:
Dams
Sl.No.DamRiverNearest CityType of dam
1.Gandhi Sagar DamChambalKota, RajasthanGravity and Masonry
2.Bansagar DamSoneAmarpatanEarthen and Masonry
3.Bargi DamNarmadaJabalpurGravity
4.Barna DamBarnaBareliGravity/ Masonry

Rivers
Sl.No.River
1.Narmada
2.Tapti
3.Betwa
4.Chambal
5.Son
6.Mahanadi
7.Shipra
8.Kewai
9.Kali Sindh
Lakes
Sl.No.LakeLocated in/near
1.Bhojtal            LakeBhopal
2.Lower Lake   Bhopal
3.Moti lake       Bhopal
4.Sharangpani Lake    Bhopal
5.Tawa Reservoir        Hoshangabad           
6.Shahpura lake          Bhopal
Important Power generation plants:
Sl.No.Plant/ProjectType/CategoryRemarks (if any)
1.Vindhyachal - SingrauliThermal Power StationCapacity of 4,760MW, is currently the biggest thermal power plant in India. It is a coal-based power plant owned and operated by NTPC.
Airports:
1. Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport — Indore
2. Raja Bhoj International Airport — Bhopal
3. Jabalpur Airport, also known as Dumna Airport—Jabalpur
4. Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air Terminal— Gwalior

Folk Dances:
Sl.No.Folk DancesRemarks (if any)
1.LokranjanAn annual dance festival at Khajuraho
2.MatkiThis is a community dance of the Malwa
3.GangaurThis dance is performed mainly during the nine days of Gangaur festival
4.BadhaiPopular on the occasions of the birth, marriage and festivals in the Bundelkhand region
5.BarediBaredi dance is performed during the period starting the festival of Diwali till the day of Poornima
6.NaurataThis dance has a special significance to the unmarried girls in the Bundelkhand region
7.AhiraiThe major traditional dances of Bharia tribe
8.BhagoriaQuaint rhythms conjure up the tribal cultural identity of the Baiga tribe
Tribes:
  • Agariya
  • Dhanwar
  • Gadaba
  • Gadba
  • Halba
  • Halbi
  • Kamar
  • Karku
  • Parja
  • Sahariya
  • Saharia
  • Seharia
  • Sehria
  • Sosia
  • Sor
  • Saonta
Important Regional Festivals:
Sl.No.Festival NameRemarks
1.Lokrang FestivalLokrang is a cultural festival in which all the dancers put their best foot forwards and matches their steps with the folk music.
2.Akhil Bhartiya Kalidas SamarohWriters, Poets from around the world come together in the march for seven brilliant days of poetry recitation, story reading, and cultural performances. Ujjain is the hometown of many eminent writers and poets like Kalidas, Pandit Surya Narayan Vyas, Balkavi Bairagi, to name a few. The fest is organized to celebrate the work of the notable poet, Kalidas.
3.Khajuraho FestivalDance and music should be the middle name of Madhya Pradesh. One week long, Khajuraho dance festival is the manifestation of the true India's dance forms.
4.Bhagoria Haat FestivalIn the local language, the carnival is called as the festival of love. Celebrated with great pomp and show by the tribal people of Madhya Pradesh
5.HoliHoli is celebrated just for two days on the last full moon day of the lunar moon. On days one, a bonfire is organized by the different temples.
6.Ujjain Kumbh MelaUjjain is one of those places in India where Kumbh Mela takes place. The festival is organized four times in every twelve years in the four cities of India- Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain or Nasik.
7.Malwa UtsavMalwa Utsav is one of the biggest, largest and most spectacular events in Madhya Pradesh. Dance and music performances are the most integral part of the festival.
8.DussehraIf tourists happen to be in Madhya Pradesh during October or November.
Important Temples/Archeological Monuments/Sites:
Sl.No.Temple/ Archeological Monument/ SiteLocated in/near
1.Mahakaleshwar JyotirlingaUjjain
2.Devi Jagdambi templeKhajuraho
3.Varaha TempleKhajuraho
4.Vishvanath TempleKhajuraho
5.Jali MahalDhar
6.Somavati KundDhar
7.Mahadeva templeGwalior
8.Tila MonumentGwalior
9.Rani MahalSagar
10.Open Air MuseumBhind
11.Kamlapati PalaceBhopal
12.Gond FortChhindwara
13.Alamgir GateDhar
14.Champa BaoliDhar
15.Chor Kot MosqueDhar
16.Dilawar Khan's MosqueDhar
17.Ek Khamba MahalDhar
18.Lal BungalowDhar
19.Tomb of Abul FazalGwalior
20.Old Mughal FortHoshangabad
21.Vishnu-Varaha TempleJabalpur
22.Shri Omkareshwar JyotirlingKhandwa
23.Chitragupta templeKhajuraho

Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:
Sl.No.CityNick Name
1.City of LakesBhopal
2.Mini MumbaiIndore
3.Power Hub CityMundi
4.Soya region   Madhya Pradesh
Sport Stadiums/Arena:
Sl.No.Stadium/ArenaSport-PurposeCity
1.Maharani Usharaje Trust  or Holkar Cricket Stadium       CricketIndore
2.Captain Roop Singh StadiumCricketGwalior
3.Nehru StadiumCricketIndore
4.Aishbagh StadiumHockeyBhopal
Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:
Sl.No.NameConstituencyMinistry
1.Narendra Singh TomarGwalior
Rural Development
Panchayati Raj
Drinking Water and Sanitation
2.Sushma Swaraj         VidishaExternal Affairs
3.Thawar Chand Gehlot            Rajya Sabha MPSocial Justice and Empowerment
4.Prakash JavadekarRajya Sabha MPHuman Resource Development
5.Najma A. HeptullaRajya Sabha MPMinority Affairs

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