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### Reasoning Puzzles (Study Notes)

Today we’ll discuss about Puzzle. This topic is can fetch you marks easily but you need to know the right concepts and types of questions to practice.  In banking exams Puzzle questions can be asked in itself or Data Sufficiency. Usually 10-12 questions can be asked from this topic, thus it can fetch you easy marks with right practice. Introduction:  From practical experience and the general trends, it can be asserted that the question on “puzzle” can be generally classified into the following types of problems:- 1. Simple problems of categorization 2. Arrangement problems 3. Comparison Problems 4. Blood Relations 5. Blood Relations with professions 6. Conditional selection 7. Miscellaneous problems In the puzzles, you shall be given fast-working and efficient methods for all the types of problems above. Preliminary steps  1. First of all, take a quick glance at the question. This would need not more than a couple of seconds. 2. After performing this step you would develop

### Reasoning Study Notes: Seating Arrangement

Dear Readers, Today we’ll discuss about Seating Arrangement. This topic is can fetch you marks easily but you need to know the right concepts and types of questions to practice.  In banking exams Seating Arrangement questions can be asked in itself or Data Sufficiency. Usually 10-12 questions can be asked from this topic, thus it can fetch you easy marks with right practice. Introduction ⇒ In seating arrangement, we are generally asked to arrange a group of people according to the given conditions. They may have to be seated around a table, the table could be of any shape-circular, square, rectangular, pentagonal or any other. To solve seating arrangement problems on the basis of the information given in the equation. ⇒ It is one of the important part of the reasoning section for any competitive exam (specially Bank PO). In this part, questions are based on set of information containing set of conditions which gives hidden information followed by set of questions. ⇒ These type of

### Reasoning Study Notes: Coding Decoding

Dear Readers, Today we’ll discuss about Coding- Decoding. This topic is can fetch you marks easily but you need to know the right concepts and types of questions to practice. In banking exams Coding Decoding questions can be asked in Data Sufficiency or there can be direct questions of coding-decoding itself. Usually 3-5 questions can be asked from this topic, thus it can fetch you easy marks with right practice. Tips: 1. Try to focus on the thinking behind the solution. Example 1:  If GLORIOUS is coded as GOLRIOSU, code ‘JUDICIAL’? Solution:  This doesn’t need any explanation. A simple question based on observation. As G L O R I O U S is coded as G O L R I O S U, we are that second and third letters are interchanged, again last two letters are also interchanged as shown below.   Using the same logic, the word J U D I C I A L is coded as J D U I C I L A Example 2:  If PEN is written as ‘+X’ and ENT is written as ‘X–’ in a certain code, how is TEN written in the same code? So

### Reasoning Study Notes: Blood Relation

Blood Relation can be really easy topic if you have the right approach. Comparatively among other topics of reasoning blood relations can fetch you full marks. But with one silly mistake or if you don’t pay attention to a little information you can lose that easy mark. So let us see the approach towards Blood Relation: Generation Tree: Here let us look at the Generation Tree or Family Tree of a person X: Different Relations: Let us understand different possible relations of X: Paternal Great Grand Father Father’s Grand Father Great Grand Mother Father’s Grand Mother, Father’s Grand Father’s Wife Grand Father Father’s Father Grand Mother Father’s Mother, Father’s Father’s Wife Uncle Father’s Brother Aunt Father’s Sister Sibling Brother/Sister Niece Sibling’s Daughter Nephew Sibling’s Son Children Son/Daughter Cousin Father’s Sibling’s Children Grandchildren Children’s children Great Grand Children Children’s children’s children Maternal Great Grand Fa

### Reasoning Study Notes: Machine Input-Output

In machine input-output, the basic problem is the problem of time. You can obviously get the logic if you are not bound by time, but the challenge is to get the logic as quickly as possible and get done with the questions to score more. Here you can learn how to solve machine input by saving your time The general instruction of what a machine input-output question says are: “When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line words and number, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is the illustration of input and re-arrangement”   Example: Input: name 37 11 is his 42 Khan 28 Step I: is name 37 11 his 42 Khan 28 Step II: is 42 name 37 11 his Khan 28 Step III: is 42 his name 37 11 Khan 28 Step IV: is 42 his 37 name 11 Khan 28 Step V:  is 42 his 37 Khan name 11 28 Step VI: is 42 his 37 Khan 28 name 11 VIth step is the last step. The last step is the final output the machine. So what has happened in this example of VI Steps? Input is give